Table 1

Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) response, mean and standard deviation per item, in the Finnish control drinkers, problem drinkers and treated alcohol-dependent groups, based on AUDIT score and/or alcohol treatment status

Item

Assessment

AUDIT item descriptiona

Controlsb

Problem drinkersc

Treated alcoholicsd


--

Subjects(n)

--

105

64

104


--

Clinically treated for alcoholism

--

0

0

100%


1

Hazardous alcohol consumption

Frequency of drinking days

2.5 ± 1.0

3.4 ± 0.8

3.1 ± 1.0


2

Hazardous alcohol consumption

Average number of drinks per session

1.1 ± 1.1

3.4 ± 10.8

3.4 ± 1.1


3

Hazardous alcohol consumption

Frequency of six or more drinks

1.4 ± 0.8

3.4 ± 0.7

3.0 ± 1.0


4

Dependence symptoms

Impaired control over drinking

0.1 ± 0.3

2.6 ± 1.2

2.3 ± 1.4


5

Dependence symptoms

Increased salience of drinking

0.1 ± 0.3

2.0 ± 1.2

2.3 ± 1.3


6

Dependence symptoms

Morning drinking

0.1 ± 0.3

2.6 ± 1.3

2.7 ± 1.3


7

Alcohol-related problems

Guilt after drinking

0.5 ± 0.6

2.9 ± 1.2

2.7 ± 1.4


8

Alcohol-related problems

Alcohol-related blackouts

0.4 ± 0.5

2.4 ± 1.2

2.4 ± 1.3


9

Alcohol-related problems

Alcohol-related injuries

0.2 ± 0.7

2.2 ± 1.5

2.6 ± 1.5


10

Alcohol-related problems

Others concerned about drinking

0.0 ± 0.4

3.4 ± 0.9

3.6 ± 0.9


--

Hazardous/harmful alcohol usee

AUDIT score (sum of items)

6.3 ± 3.1

28.3 ± 5.4

27.7 ± 8.4


aAll AUDIT items, except questions 9 and 10, are confined to previous year.

bThe Finnish population consists of alcoholic subjects recruited from alcohol treatment facilities (n = 104) and volunteer subjects from the general population that includes control drinkers (n = 105), hazardous drinkers (n = 32) and problem drinkers, as defined by the AUDIT (n = 64). Control drinkers had an AUDIT score ≤12 and had consumed alcohol in the previous year.

cProblem drinkers have an AUDIT score ≥20 but were not recruited from alcohol treatment facilities.

dTreated alcoholics were recruited from alcohol treatment facilities.

eAn AUDIT score ≥12 indicates a pattern of hazardous consumption, while an AUDIT score ≥20 suggests that the subject is alcohol dependent13.

Lind et al. Human Genomics 2008 3:24-35   doi:10.1186/1479-7364-3-1-24

Open Data